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About Cockroaches
Cockroaches or roaches are an extremely successful group of insects and have undergone very little morphological changes through ages. There are more than 4500 species of cockroaches with the majority of no economical significance. Cockroaches that are considered pest account for less than 1% of the the total number of species. They all have the same general appearance; body oval and flattened with three distinct body parts, head, thorax and abdomen.

Most roaches are drab brown to black to suit its nocturnal behavior and habitats and predominantly tropical. Some, (the pest species) have occupied the artificial environment (building, sewers, ships) created by man, who has been largely responsible for their spread. Cockroaches are active at night and hide in the day. They can be found in cracks, doorframes, drains bathrooms and kitchen etc. They move freely from building to buildings and from drain, sewer, toilets to human habitations. Cockroaches feed on almost any organic matter but prefer starchy or sugary types of food.

Cockroaches regurgitate some of their partly digested food and defaecate often while feeding thus causing contamination as their movement and feeding habits bring them into contact with various pathogenic organisms. Studies have also shown that cockroaches associated allergies are caused by inhaling cockroaches allergens derive from faeces, saliva and dead bodies of cockroaches. The prevalent pest species found in Singapore are:

American Cockroach - Periplaneta Americana
German Cockroach - Blattella Germanica
Smooth Cockroach - Symploce Pallens
Brown Banded Cockroach - Supella Longipalpa

There are also Periplaneta Brunnea Burmeister (Brown Cockroach), Periplaneta Australasiae (Australian Cockroach), Neostylopyga Rhombifolia (Harlequein Cockroach) that are moderately prevalent in Singapore.
Know Your Pest
Mosquitoes are insects with......
Ectoparasite is a parasite......
Termites are small, soft bodied......
Ants are found usually in a large and......
Rodents are considered a......
American Cockroach (Periplaneta Americana)
This species is red-brown in colour, 35 - 40mm long. They are a very prevalent species in Singapore and are often seen both indoors and outdoors, in commercial and residential buildings, sewers and rubbish chute etc.They feed on almost any organic matter.

German Cockroach (Blattella Germanica)
This species is amber-brown in colour, 10 - 15mm long. They are a very prevalent species in Singapore. They like warm and damp environment and is found in commercial kitchens, food courts and food processing plant and even in cinemas and KTV lounges.

Smooth Cockroach (Symploce Pallens)
This species is brownish yellow in colour, 12- 15mm long. They are a very prevalent species in Singapore and are found in habitats and environments very similar to German Cockroaches.

Brown Banded Cockroach (Supella Longipalpa)
This species is dark- brown with lighter lateral edges with the presence of 2 dark bands on the abdomen, 10- 14mm long. They are a prevalent species in Singapore and unlike German Cockroaches, not restricted to warm and humid environments. They are found in entire building, often inside bedroom furniture etc. This is a common species found in offices and inside of cars.

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